Rome and Russia draw closer

Those of a certain age may remember watching Anthony Quinn and Laurence Olivier face off as the fictional Pope Kiril I and Soviet Premier in the film version of The Shoes of the Fisherman. Armed with such images, we may be surprised to learn that the Russian Federation may soon enter into full diplomatic relations with the Vatican.

Rocco Palmo, blogging at Whispers in Loggia, talks about the ecumenical ramifications of closer ties between Moscow and the Holy See.

Nearly two decades after the Soviet Union’s collapse — and only months since the ascent of a Rome-friendly head of Moscow’s powerful Orthodox patriarchate — full diplomatic relations between the Holy See and Russia are becoming a reality.

The announcement came earlier today at the close of a private audience between the Pope and Russian President Dimitri Medvedev, who’s reportedly made firm pushes for closer ties between the Kremlin and Vatican behind the scenes at home.

The encounter between president and pontiff — Medvedev’s first — came at the close of a year that’s seen an increasingly rapid thaw toward Rome on the part of the Russian Orthodox church, whose prior head, Patriarch Alexei II, died a year ago this week. Elected in February, Alexei’s successor, Patriarch Kirill, came to the 160 million-member fold’s top post after two decades overseeing the church’s external relations, which made him the patriarchate’s point-man to the Vatican, where his ascent was rapturously received. (From day one of his pontificate, a stepped-up outreach to Moscow has been B16’s top priority in the wider Christian world.)

In the months since, the Pope quickly received Alexei’s new “foreign minister,” Archbishop Hilarion of Volokolamsk, and the “cultural and social questions of mutual interest” which Benedict and Medvedev talked up today — namely, “the value of the family and the contribution believers make to life in Russia,” among others — are precisely those which the Roman and Russian pontiffs have marked out as their shared ground for closer ties. What’s more, in recent days a collection of Benedict’s speeches on the preeminence of Europe’s Christian heritage conspicuously appeared in a Russian edition… one published by the Moscow patriarchate.

While Kirill and Benedict met on three occasions prior to his election as patriarch, the sitting heads of the Roman and Moscow churches have never come face to face. Then again, that might not be the case for much longer — venues for the historic summit have already begun volunteering themselves.

Beside the potential for an historic meeting between the heads of two autocephelous churches, this also lines up with Benedicts desire for a religiously traditional offset to a secular Europe.

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